conversion of Hirmer Parkhouse
Muck Petzet Architekten and Mathieu Wellner
Muck Petzet, Jakob Eden, Elke Doppelbauer, Simona Luppi
The Hirmer multi-story car park in downtown Munich is to be torn down, and space is to be created for another piece of the commercialized inner city. For this purpose, a central piece of land in the state capital of Munich is to be given into private hands. What other opportunities would be offered here - in one of the last possible quiet and development areas in the city center - on public property?
As interested citizens, we proclaimed Sattlerplatz on the roof of the parking garage with an opening in August 2017. This prominent area, with a unique view over the city center, is a valuable, urban playable space.
The interior of the multi-story car park building also offers a wide range of options for appropriation and conversion - without losing its practical use.
Yes, the Sattlerplatz is already there. It just needs to be publicly dedicated and programmed as such.
In the center of Munich - on Sattlerstrasse, there is the so-called Hirmerparkhaus, a parking garage from the post-war period, whose usage contracts expired in 2016. The property belongs to the city of Munich. Across the street, a private investor has bought the former post office and wants to develop this property commercially.
The citizens of Munich ask: What opportunities are there in one of the last possible development areas in the inner city? Which goals, ideas, needs, and interests should guide the planning and decisions - in the area of tension between public responsibility and private interest?
Muck Petzet and Mathieu Wellner are deliberately not proposing a spectacular new building for the Hirmer car park, but are calling for some radical reprogramming. Instead of the now common Munich practice of uncritical demolition and new construction. We are demanding new uses while maintaining the parking garage.
Officially there is only a Sattlerstrasse so far, but the Sattlerplatz is already there. It just needs to be proclaimed and programmed as such.
Above all, the generous roof area of the parking garage with its great panoramic views over the roofs of Munich - surrounded by Munich's landmarks, the towers of the Frauenkirche and the Paulskirche. This parking roof is declared a public square. Petzet and Wellner propose a very simple use and furnishing of the area. In continuation of the design of the pedestrian zone by Prof. Winkler (1972), the lights, plant troughs, and the (originally freely adjustable) 'Münchner' chairs in the pedestrian zone are intended to organize the roof area as urban space the pedestrian zone: the Sattlerplatz is, as the neighboring pedestrian zone, accessible for the city gardening company .....
a new use of the Hirmer parking garage
Not either / or, but both-and: i.e. New uses can accumulate in the building, while parking remains functional on four floors. With flexible room management, parking and new uses can complement or temporarily mix. A food market with street food stands and food trucks can 'park' for a day on the 5th floor or a temporary art festival can be rented over several floors for a few weeks. There is absolutely no compulsion and no urgency to demolish the whole house or to fill it with temporary uses because different potentials and possibilities can first be tested, others establish themselves or disappear again.
possible first uses
In the basement there would be a small market hall with local products: This can initially only 'take place' on a few days of the week. The infrastructure for 'docking' exists and can be upgraded. The usual 'multi-story car park' takes place in the basement between market days. The roof area will definitely be reprogrammed. In addition to a public space design, there is also a 'panorama' beer garden on the top parking deck. These uses can also be implemented independently of the rest of the undisturbed parking garage operation.
Access through a staircase and an elevator are already available. The architects Petzet and Wellner propose that the new Sattlerplatz be connected to Sattlerstraße with an external staircase. This could be a generous flight of stairs like the ones MVRDV realized for their 'stairs' project in Rotterdam.
possible participants / supporters
The city of Munich could certainly rely on the support of its citizens for such an urban and deliberately non-commercial project. The neighboring property owners could, however, participate in the logistics and the establishment of cultural interim uses. A know-how transfer with the Berlin Markthalle 9 would be an option for the market. An art festival would offer itself as a 'space pioneer' for partial re-use and temporary use of larger space potential. The previous operator and namesake of the parking garage could participate in the spatial and architectural upgrading of “his house” - and in return, benefit from the parking garage for longer than planned.
costs and benefit potential
Here, the city of Munich could create a new (tourist) attraction that will attract worldwide attention - and at the same time create a cultural counterpoint to the local economy and a place of rest in the middle of the commercial pedestrian zone. Munich could thus demonstrate that space and inventory potential is handled sustainably and intelligently. The costs are minimal compared to demolition and new construction or the creation of a space instead of the parking garage. The benefit, however, is much greater: the use of the parking can initially be viewed as' cash. cow ‘- and financially enable public non-commercial uses. By maintaining the car development on the ground floor, a “smooth” transition from parking to a new use can be controlled over a longer period of time. The project could be started immediately via temporary uses with 'mobile' and existing elements. The concept is procedural and minimally invasive and can shrink or grow with its success.
Muck Petzet Architekten
Architekt BDA Dipl.-Ing. Muck Petzet
D - 80336 Munich
The architect Muck Petzet is member of
the Bayerische Architektenkammer
(Bavarian Architects Association),
Waisenhausstraße 4, 80637 Munich,
membership no. 172838.
The authorisation to use the professional
title "architect" arises from the inclusion
in the architects′ list of the Bavarian Architects
Association. The architect Dipl.-Ing
Muck Petzet is subject to the legislation
and professional regulation of the Bavarian
Architects′ Law (BayArchG). The text of
the BayArchG can be read on the homepage
of the Bavarian Architects Association
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